The factory between
past and present
This is why Cristoforo Benigno Crespi asks and obtains the possibility to use the water of the river Adda. Near it there is the naviglio Martesana, a water highway that takes till Milan.
To obtain the maximum from the river Adda he has to realise a deviation of the river, building a canal which takes water until the entrance of the factory. It’s possible thanks to the job of hundreds of workers, organizer in different shifts. With their pick they sculpt a piece of history of the workers’ village of Crespi d’Adda, submitting your their wishes 170.000 mq of land and metri cubi di terra e 13.000 mq of rock.
The architecture of the cotton mill follows the example of the English factories, with the topical serrated roofs, known as “shed” in English.
The textile factory is a ground floor, composed by enormous spaces, with north-facing roofs, so that they are properly enlightened, without to blind the workers.
The history of Crespi d’Adda tells us about an amazing result. A cotton mill of 7.650 mq, composed by two parts: spinning and twisting. This last part is really rare in Italy, because it consists on twisting more wires together, to obtain a most resistant one. At last on July, the 25. 1878, Silvio Crespi, the eldest son of the village‘a founder, goes next to the carder up and he throws inside a little bit of cotton for the first time. The typical noise of the textile machines is spreaded all around in the village; the production startsI 1.200 casts and 5.000 frames- imported from England, model selfacting
Anyway, Cristoforo Benigno Crespi can’t only give them a roof. He offers them a little school, to be attended on Sunday, a kindergarten, a grocery store, one cafeteria, one hotel, one stable for animals used to transport goods.